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发布于:2021-10-20 22:18:54  访问:42 次 回复:0 篇
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Or Manuscript NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author ManuscriptYouth Acquisition of Alcohol
Findings Title Loaded From File indicate that the majority of teens‘ drinking occasions occur in their own or somebody else‘s residence. There is substantial proof that availability and quick access are related to greater consumption of alcohol and to alcohol-related challenges (Dent, Grube, Biglan, 2005; Paschall, Grube, Black, Ringwalt, 2007b). Hence, restricting access to alcohol is often a extensively advocated policy approach to decreasing underage drinking (e.g., Grube, 2010; Saltz, Grube, Treno, in press; Toomey Wagenaar, 1999). Relevant policies contain enforcement of underage sales laws, reduction of outlet densities, and restrictions on hours and areas of sale. The major goal of such access policies is usually to enhance the "full price" of alcohol to youths, includingCorresponding Author: Bettina Friese, Ph.D., Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE), Prevention Analysis Center, 180 Grand Avenue, Suite 1200, Oakland, CA 94612, Tel: 510-883-5716, Fax: 510-644-0594, bfriese@prev.org. The content material is solely the duty from the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of NIAAA.Friese et al.Pagethe chance charges to acquire alcohol and also the potential expenses to adults for promoting or supplying alcohol to youths (Grube, 2007, 2010; Grube Nygaard, 2005). There is evidence that restrictions on the physical availability of alcohol to young folks can substantially cut down Title Loaded From File drinking-related challenges for this age group. For instance, growing the minimum drinking age in the U.S. to 21 considerably decreased alcohol-related site visitors crashe.Or Manuscript NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author ManuscriptYouth Acquisition of Alcohol and Drinking Contexts: An InDepth LookBettina Friese, Ph.D., Joel W. Grube, Ph.D., and Roland S. Moore, Ph.D. Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE), Prevention Investigation Center, Oakland, CAAbstractDespite efforts to limit underage access to alcohol, alcohol availability remains a challenge for youth drinking prevention. This paper fills a gap in our understanding of alcohol consumption amongst youths by systematically investigating how and beneath what situations they get alcohol plus the context within which they consume it. Qualitative interviews (n=47) had been performed with teens to collect details about where and how they get alcohol along with the contexts inside which they drink. Respondents had been knowledgeable about commercial and social sources and employed this understanding in their selection producing relating to where to get alcohol. Teens utilised their social relationships to circumvent current policies made to limit underage access to alcohol. Findings indicate that the majority of teens‘ drinking occasions happen in their very own or somebody else‘s house. Alcohol could be the most usually utilized and abused drug by youths inside the U.S.. Although prices of alcohol use by teens have fallen dramatically because the 1980‘s, consumption remains relatively higher. Information in the 2013 Monitoring the Future (MTF) survey indicate that 62 of higher college seniors report drinking in the past year, and 40 report undertaking so in the past 30 days (Johnston, O‘Malley, Bachman, Schulenberg, Miech, 2014). The consumption patterns of young drinkers are particularly problematic with 22 of high school seniors reporting heavy episodic drinking (5 or extra drinks in a row) during the previous two weeks and 26 reporting possessing been drunk at the very least once in the past month.
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